mercantile exchange (NYMEX)

The world’s largest commodity futures exchange is the New York-based Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX). Metals, energy products, agricultural commodities and other products are traded on this exchange. Founded in 1848, the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) is the world’s oldest futures exchange and is part of the CME Group. More than 50 different forward transactions are handled by over 3,600 CBOT members via floor trading and electronic trading.

Futures and options on different goods are mainly traded on the CME, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.

 

Industrial metals such as aluminium, copper, lead, nickel, tin and zinc are traded on the London Metal Exchange (LME). Copper and aluminium are also traded on the NYMEX in New York. Otherwise, the LME enjoys an almost monopolistic status on all other metals.

The ICE Futures in London (formerly known as the International Petroleum Exchange, IPE) is a trading platform for the crucial European commodity that is Brent Crude (North Sea oil). It is the largest and leading futures exchange for options as well as for futures on crude oil, natural gas and electricity in Europe.


According to the oil industry association, 90% of the market participants trade oil derivatives exclusively for speculative purposes. They try to make profits through the price changes, but are not interested in owning the oil in physical form. 

aluminum

The Rio Tinto Aluminum, a subsidiary of the Rio Tinto Group, is one of the largest aluminum producers in the world.

You can trade the CFD-shares with MAMFX.

gold

The gold content in the continental crust is about 4 grams per 1000 tons of rock. The proportion varies by region. In the gold mines which are in operation, the gold content is often several grams per ton.

Gold is predominantly solid on earth, that is, in elemental, metallic form. Primary it is found in gold ore as gold-bearing rock.

Nearly half of the gold produced comes from the Republic of China, Australia, the United States of America, Russia and Canada. The world's deepest gold mines are in South Africa. There, gold is mined almost 4000 meters below the surface of the earth. At the beginning of 2011, the mining company AngloGold Ashanti was already planning shafts up to 5000 meters deep. In total, about 2,700 localities are documented worldwide.

As long as the early earth did not have a solid crust, all gold has draged down into the earth's core due to its high density. All we find is gold which has come to earth after crusting or has returned to its surface through volcanic activity.

Below: Rustenburg Platinum Mine in South Africa. Skip truck transports platinum ore. Mining security inspectors In the foreground.

raw materials

Western Texas WTI US Oil      Brent (Northsea) UK Oil

Natural Gas

Platinum     Gold

Silver     Copper     Palladium

nutriments

essentials & cotton

                     Cocoa                                      Soybeans
                            Coffee                                       Sugar
                                   Corn                                        Wheat
                                          Rice                                         Cotton       
cocoa

With the expansion of the cocoa nut in Europe there were also more cultivation areas in different countries. In the 17th century Ecuador and Venezuela were the main producers, later Brazil and the Dutch colony areas in the Caribbean were added. In the 19th century, the island group Sao Tomé and Principe in Portugal was the largest cultivation area in the world. And although slavery and child labor were banned in all relevant institutional countries, there were reports from individual firms that continued to exploi people under miserable circumstances. This caused great attention in the entire chocolate industry, whereupon the well-known English chocolate producer CADBURY and other large producers boycotted exploiting companies and today this is exactly the case when such grievances become known.

The stock exchange, where the cocoa is traded, is merely the global trading platform, the platform that enables a product to be distributed world-wide. This makes the cocoa accessible to every dealer. Whether the price goes up or down, does not play any role for the stock exchange. If, as a consumer, you want to contribute in avoiding slave and child labor in general, it is wrong to blame the stockexchange with all its manufacturers and traders. Boycott the companies, where you know they are violating human rights or other ethical issues.

Cocoa has been around since about 1000 BC. and was also used by the Aztecs as a means of payment. The raw cocoa bean is enjoyed as a superfood, as it is rich in chromium, magnesium and iron, reduces the bone metabolism and has a stimulating effect, similar to the caffeine in the coffee bean. Overdose may cause discomfort, insomnia and excessive thirst. Cocoa is traded as well as large quantities of sugar and cotton at NYBOT, the New York Board of Trade (ICE Futures U.S.).

sugar

Refined sugar does not belong to the basic nutrition and can lead to health problems such as caries and obesity in case of excessive consumption. This is why you may enjoy the special occasion, but should cover your daily sugar needs from natural foods such as fruits. Chocolate is also available sugar free!

rice

In the year 2016, 741 million tonnes of rice were harvested worldwide. The rice fruit contains mainly vitamins B1 and B2.

Gourmets distinguish between individual rice varieties and use them for different dishes. Arborio, vialone or carnaoli are preferred for risotto, basmati rice for Indian dishes or jasmine rice for Thai dishes.


In total, there exist more than 120,000 sorts of rice on earth.

coffee

Brazil was the largest coffee producer in 2005 with 2.179 million tonnes of green coffee beans, accounting for about 28.2% of the world's harvest, followed by Vietnam, Indonesia and Colombia. A sack of coffee weighs 60 kg.

The Arabica coffee is being traded exclusively on the New York Board of Trade (NYBOT). The future is traded in US cents per pound (lb) and covers 37,500 lbs. This corresponds to about 260 bags a 60 kg (1 lb = 0.453592 kg). Robusta coffee, traded on the London International Financial Futures Exchange (LIFFE) since 2000, comprises 5 tonnes (= 80 sacks). The listing is in US dollars per ton.


Coffee connoisseurs swear on quality coffee from Costa Rica, which primarily are Arabica beans. Over 300 different Arabica varieties come from there!

the hamburg cereal stock exchange

Cereal is one of the most important commodities in the world. From 2010 to 2015, the transport of grain in seaborne trade increased by about 30 percent to 441 million tonnes.

The Port of Hamburg in Germany is the central hub of cereal trading in Northern Europe. The entrepreneurs use the Hamburg cereal stock exchange for the grain trade. On this single commodity exchange under the roof of the Hamburg stock exchange business with cereals, oilseeds, fodder, legumes, seeds and related articles are initiated and mediated. Business services are also included.

The Hamburg cereal exchange is run by the cereal trading company of the Hamburg Stock Exchange e.V., which at the same time represents the interests of wholesalers and foreign traders in the sector.


Earlier, the cereal traders met every day, with cereal samples taken to the parquet. Today, three meetings of supraregional markets take place in January, April and August. Daily trading is handled by telephone, fax or e-mail.

Speicherstadt Hamburg

There are a total of 27 form contracts for the trade in cereals, animal feed and legumes. These contracts are valid worldwide. An arbitration tribunal of the Hamburg cereal stock exchange is one of the most active German arbitration tribunals in commercial traffic. Each year, up to 80 cases are carried out, often with foreign participants. This private court of arbitration is characterized above all by speed. The referees have a technical expertise. The arbitral awards are binding on the basis of international agreements and can be enforced across borders.

From 2018, a new grain silo and loading facility is build in the Rostock seaport. In total, the silo capacity is of 160,000 tonnes.

corn

Maize is not only used for popcorn or other foods as well as animal feed. There is also a steady increase in the need to produce ethanol. In the United States, approximately half of the corn crop is intended for ethanol production. The 2005 Energy Independence and Security Act pretends an increase each year for the bioethanol fraction in internal combustion engine fuels, reaching at least 36 billion gallons by 2022.

cutton

Organic and fair trade cotton cultivation. Manual harvest on a farm in East-Africa

margin call - genuine trading
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